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10-24-2020 10:22 PM

Ruling on pointing with the forefinger when supplicating Pointer l'aide de l'index pendant l'invocation
 


Ruling on pointing with the forefinger when supplicating

Pointer l'aide de l'index pendant l'invocation






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10-24-2020 10:28 PM

Ruling on pointing with the forefinger when supplicating



Question

Is it permissible to raise the forefinger to offer supplication or say ameen instead of raising the hands, especially if a person is unable to raise his hands, such as offering supplication whilst driving the car?
Answer





Praise be to Allah.
It is proven that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) pointed with his forefinger when offering supplication on the minbar on Friday. It was narrated from Umaarah ibn Ruaybah that he saw Bishr ibn Marwaan on the minbar raising his hands, and he said: How ugly are these two hands. I saw the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) doing no more than this with his hand, and he pointed with his index finger. Narrated by Muslim (874).
Abu Dawood (1499) and an-Nasaai (1273) narrated that Sad ibn Abi Waqqaas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) passed by me when I was offering supplication (gesturing) with my two fingers, and he said, Make it one, make it one, and pointed with his forefinger. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
In other words: gesture with one finger, because the One on Whom you are calling is One. This was stated by al-Mubaarakfoori in Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, and by as-Sindi in his Haashiyah ala Ibn Maajah.
This hadith may be understood as meaning that this was whilst he was praying, or it may be understood as meaning that this was other than in prayer. After researching the matter, we have not come across any narration of the hadith to indicate that he was praying, and perhaps this is what led some of the scholars to interpret it as pointing with the forefinger when offering supplication in the prayer and otherwise.
Al-Mannaawi said in Fayd al-Qadeer (1/238):
Some of them claimed that this was in the tashahhud, but there is no evidence for that. End quote.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said, commenting on the hadith of Sad referred to above:
They said: What he meant was: point with one finger, for the One on Whom you are calling is One. This is a clear statement that the pointing is referring to Allah, as he said to him, Make it one, make it one, i.e., make it one finger. So if the pointing referred to anything other than Allah, it would make no difference whether it was one finger or more, thus it is known that because the pointing referred to Allah, and He is One God, he instructed him not to point except with one finger, not two. Similarly, the Sunan indicate that one is the point with one finger when offering supplication in the prayer, on the minbar on Friday, and in other cases. End quote.
Bayaan Talbees al-Jahamiyyah (2/443).
Al-Bahooti al-Hanbali (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
He should also point with the right forefinger when offering supplication in prayer and otherwise. End quote.
Kashshaaf al-Qinaa (1/356-357)
To sum up, pointing with the forefinger when offering supplication is one of the Sunnahs that were affirmed by the scholars. Although in most cases the practice of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) was to raise his hands (in supplication), there is nothing wrong with following either of the two Sunnahs, according to whatever is easier. Ibn Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: When asking of Allah, raise your hands level with your shoulders or thereabouts, and asking for forgiveness: point with one finger, and when beseeching Allah, raise both hands. Narrated by Abu Dawood (1489); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
With regard to the manner in which the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) raised his hands when offering supplication, several ways have been narrated from him, including the report that he used to point with his forefinger only. It was narrated that he used to do that on the minbar, and he did it when riding his mount And he (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) raised his hands with their backs towards the qiblah as he was facing in that direction, and their palms were towards his face.
End quote from Jaami al-Uloom wal-Hikam (p. 126, 127)
And Allah knows best.

Source: Islam Q&A

10-24-2020 10:33 PM

Pointer l'aide de l'index pendant l'invocation

Question

Est-il permis de pointer laide de lindex dans le cadre dune invocation ou au moment de prononcer le mot amen au lieu de lever les mains, en particulier quand on est incapable de lever ses mains pendant linvocation comme cest le cas lorsquon conduit une voiture ?
Texte de la rponse





Louange Allah.
Louanges Allah Il est prouv que le Prophte (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) a point son index au cours dune invocation prononce du haut de sa chaire un vendredi.
Omarah ibn Rouatba (P.A.a) a dclar avoir vu Bishr ibn Marwan sur la chaire les mains leves et dit : Puisse Allah enlaidir les mains que voil ! Jai vu le Messager dAllah (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) qui ne faisait que comme a : il fit un geste en remuant son index. (Rapport par Mouslim, 874)
Abou Dawoud 1499 et an-Nassai1273 ont rapport que Saad ibn Abi Waqqaq (P.A.a) a dit : Le Prophte (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) passa tout prs de moi alors que je remuais mon index dans le cadre dune invocation et il me dit : unifie, unifie en pointant avec son index. (Jug authentique par al-Albani dans Sahihi Abi Dawoud).
Unifie signifie : pointe avec un seul doigt car celui que tu invoques est Un. Cest ce que dit al-Moubarakfouri dans Touhfatoul Ahwadhi et par as-Sindi dans son commentaire sur Ibn Madjah.
Il est probable que ce hadith concerne la prire comme il est probable quil voque une situation sans rapport avec la prire. La recherche que nous avons faite sur les voies de transmission du hadith ne nous a pas permis de trouver la preuve quil concerne la prire. Peut-tre cest la raison qui a pouss certains ulmas linterprter en disant que le remuement de lindex accompagnait une invocation prononce dans la prire ou en dehors delle.
Al-Manawi dit dans Faydh al-Qadir (1/238) : Certains prtendent que la situation voque dans le hadith concerne le tashahhoud, ce que rien ne prouve.
Commentant le hadith de Saad cit ci-dessus, cheikh al-islam Ibn Taymiyah dit : Ils ont dit que : unifie signifie : pointe avec un seul doigt car celui que tu invoques est Un. Ceci indique clairement quon entendait dsigner Allah. Car il lui dit : unifie, unifie. Autrement dit : pointe avec un seul doigt. Si on entendait dsigner un autre quAllah, il ny aurait aucune diffrence entre lusage dun ou plusieurs doigts. On sait que le geste dsignait Allah qui est un et unique et doit donc tre dsign laide dun seul doigt non deux. De nombreux traditions abondent pour indique que cest un seul doigt quil faut pointer dans linvocation et la prire. Peu importe quon soit sur chaire le vendredi ou dans une autre situation. Voir Bayaanou talbiis al-djahmiyyah (2/443).Al-Bahouti al-hanbali (Puisse Allah lui accorder Sa misricorde) a dit : On pointe encore avec son index droit quand on invoque pendant la prire et ailleurs. Voir Kashshaaf al-quinaa (1/356-357).
En somme, le remuement de lindex dans une invocation fait partie des traditions reues et approuves par les ulmas. Pourtant, ce qui satteste plus frquemment dans lenseignement du Prophte (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) consiste lever les mains. Toujours est-il quil ny a aucun inconvnient se conformer aux deux traditions dans la mesure du possible.
Ibn Abbas (P.A.a) a dit : Il sagit de lever tes mains jusquau niveau des paules ou prs de l, de solliciter le pardon en pointant avec un seul doigt et dlever la voix les deux mains tendues. (Rapport par Abou Dawoud, 1489 et jug authentique par al-Albani dans Sahihi Abi Dawoud.
Ibn Radjab al-Hanbali (Puisse Allah lui accorder Sa misricorde) a dit : On a rapport du Prophte (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) plusieurs manires dlever ses mains dans linvocation :
-Il remuait son index seulement. Il est rapport quil le fit sur la chaire et le fit une fois dos de sa monture.
-il leva ses mains leur ct extrieur orient vers la qibla alors que lui-mme stait orient dans ce sens et que le ct intrieur de ses mains tait orient vers son visage. Extrait succinct de Djamae al-ouloum wal hikam, p.126-127.
Allah le sait mieux.


Source: Islam Q&A






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